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Obtain Citizenship by Descent in Poland

Obtain Citizenship by Descent in Poland

Foreign citizens who move to Poland have the right to apply for permanent residence after living for sufficient years in this country and after meeting certain criteria. However, there are also other ways through which one can obtain a Polish passport.

Out of all the means through which it is possible to obtain Polish citizenship, the descent is available for foreign citizens with Polish ancestors.

Below, our immigration lawyers in Poland explain the procedure of acquiring citizenship by descent in this country. You can rely on us for assistance in applying for a Polish passport.

What are the main ways through which foreigners can obtain Polish citizenship?

Luckily, there are several ways through which it is possible to become a Polish citizen when relocating here. Foreign citizens who had family members with origins in this country can apply for citizenship by descent in Poland.

The main ways through which Polish citizenship can be obtained are:

  1. by naturalization which is one of the most employed means by foreign citizens;
  2. by marriage which is one of the fastest ways of obtaining citizenship in Poland;
  3. by investment or business which targets high net worth individuals from non-EU countries;
  4. by descent which is mainly a right that can be obtained by those with Polish origins on request.

Obtaining citizenship by descent in Poland is not a difficult procedure, however, it requires attention as there are various documents that need to be provided in order to prove one’s Polish ancestry. However, with the help of immigration lawyers in Poland.

Qualifying for citizenship by descent in Poland

Just like in the other ways through which Polish citizenship can be obtained, descent also has certain requirements to fulfill. More precisely, the foreign citizen must prove he or she has or has had blood relatives that are/were Polish citizens.

Here are the main requirements enabling a foreign citizen to apply for Polish citizenship by descent:

  • people who have parents, grandparents, or great-grandparents can apply for Polish citizenship without any problem;
  • those whose ancestors were born and had lived in Poland after 1920 can apply for citizenship by descent;
  • foreigners’ whose ancestors have left Poland before 1920 but whose address can be found in local registers;
  • foreign citizens with ancestors who have maintained Polish citizenship by the day of the birth of the foreign applicant.

There are no difficult formalities to apply for citizenship by descent in Poland, however, in the case of those who have ancestors dating back to 1920, finding the necessary documents to prove a family connection can take some time. This is even more difficult when it comes to those who have left Poland and whose Polish addresses can be found in Russian, Prussian, or Austro-Hungarian civil registers.

If you want to migrate to Poland based on your local origins, we kindly invite you to first get in touch with our lawyers who can start the formalities ahead.

The procedure of claiming Polish citizenship by descent

The process of applying for citizenship by descent in Poland must start by finding all your relatives who live or have lived in Poland by the time of the application. This implies collecting data like dates of births and residential addresses from all your ancestors. Also, if you had family members who have completed military service in Poland, their names and ranks must be added in the biography next to your personal information.

The biography must be filed with the Polish embassy or consulate in your current home country alongside various application forms and your valid passport.

The search of Polish relatives must be completed with the Vital Records in Poland. Our immigration law firm in Poland can guide you through the procedure of applying for citizenship by descent.

What are the advantages of applying for Polish citizenship by descent?

Applying for citizenship by descent in Poland is one of the safest ways of ensuring obtaining a Polish passport. Even if the procedure can take longer, you will not need to wait for a necessary timeframe for acquiring citizenship through the other means.

By comparison, it is worth noting that:

  • Polish citizenship by naturalization can be obtained after 3 years of legally living here as a permanent resident;
  • citizenship by marriage can be obtained in nearly 3 years, as it resembles the naturalization option;
  • citizenship by investment requires 5 years of living in Poland plus a significant financial contribution to the national economy.

If you need assistance in applying for citizenship by descent in Poland, please contact our immigration law firm.